Ms Hiu Lap Kwan

PhD Student

8/F Hub, 8/F., The Jockey Club Tower, Centennial Campus


Haley is a full-time PhD student in Sociology at the University of Hong Kong. She received her bachelor’s degree in Comparative Literature from The University of Hong Kong and pursued a master’s degree in gender studies from The Chinese University of Hong Kong and The London School of Economics and Political Science. She was the director of development and Outreach for HKU Heforsheforus Gender Student Society from 2019 to 2021, a member of i-COMMONHK’s organising committee in 2020, and is currently a member of Platform Work Inclusion Living Lab (P-Will) under COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology).

Haley’s research interests include Marxist feminism, social reproduction theory, precarious gendered work, intersectionality, the gig labour process, and platform economy and cooperativism. Her current research explores intersectional vulnerabilities, labour struggle, and women’s solidarity in China’s ride-hailing industry, and looks at the alternative organisation of platform economy, such as digital commons and platform cooperatives.


MSc Gender Research
The London School of Economics and Political Science

MA Gender Studies
The Chinese University of Hong Kong

BA Comparative Literature
The University of Hong Kong

Research interests

Gender and platform work
Social reproduction theory
Marxist Feminism
Women’s solidarity
The gig labour process

Honours and recognitions

Hsin Chong – K.N. Godfrey Yeh Education Fund for Joint Student Projects (1st round), 2020/21
Postgraduate Scholarship, 2019
Talent Development Scholarship, 2015
Robert Tam Yik Fong Memorial Scholarship, 2015

Selected publications


Kwan, H. (2022). Gendered precarious employment in China’s gig economy: Exploring women gig drivers’ intersectional vulnerabilities and resistances. Gender and Development.

Kwan, H. (2022). Women’s Solidarity, Communicative Space, the Gig Economy’s Social Reproduction and Labour Process: The Case of Female Platform Drivers in China. Critical Sociology.


Kwan, H. (2022) ‘Then and Now: Women’s Struggles and Solidarity in China’s Ride-Hailing Industry’, Marxist Sociology Blog, July 27, 2022.