I want to...

Prof Pun Ngai


+852 3917 2066

9.07, 9/F., The Jockey Club Tower, Centennial Campus


Pun Ngai received her PhD from University of London, SOAS in 1998. She is the winner of 2006 C. Wright Mills Award for her book, “Made in China: Women Factory Workers in a Global Workplace” (Duke University Press, 2005). Made in China is widely used as required reading in major universities in America, Europe and Asia. Together with Dying for Apple: Foxconn and Chinese Workers (co-authored with Jenny Chan and Mark Selden, 2016), these two texts have been translated into German, French, Italian, Spanish, Polish and Chinese. Two of her Chinese books were also awarded Hong Kong Book Prize 2007 and 2011 as the top ten popular book, widely read in Hong Kong and Mainland China.

She published extensively and cross- disciplinary in journals in the areas of sociology, anthropology, labor Studies, China Studies and cultural Studies. Her articles appeared in Current Sociology, Global Labor Studies, Work, Employment and Society, The China Quarterly, Modern China, and The China Journal, Positions, Public Culture and Cultural Anthropology.

Courses taught


University of London, SOAS (UK)

The University of Hong Kong

Chinese University of Hong Kong

Research interests

Social Economy
Socialist History

Current research

The research term currently works on a Collaborative Research Fund (CRF), “Social Media and Migrant Labor Protection in Mainland China” (2016-2019) UST and CUHK. This project aims to synergize macro theories of traditional social sciences which look at capital, state and class formation at the abstract level with micro theories of media and cultural studies that focus on life-world, every day practices, and new forms of communication and resistance. Inspired by the theory of digitally networked action, and informed by globalization and state theory, this project inspires to create an innovative paradigm to merge rich sociological debates with media studies so as to explore new forms of working class youth culture and novel platform of labor rights protection. Moving beyond traditional models of trade unionism and labor NGOs, this project contributes to a new exploration of attempting vocational schools as sites of learning, communicating and organizing, and preparing students to be proper working-class subjects.

Selected publications

Pun Ngai (2016) Migrant Labor in Post-Socialist China. New York and London: Polity Press.

Pun Ngai, Jenny Chan and Mark Selden (2015) Dying for Apple: Foxconn and Chinese Workers (in German, Italian, Polish, Spanish, Chinese)

Pun Ngai, Yan Hairong, Anita Koo & Bun Ku, (2015) Social Economy in China and the World. Routledge.

Pun Ngai (2005) Made in China: Women Factory Workers in a Global Workplace(Duke University Press, 2005).

Pun, Ngai, and Anita Koo “A ‘World-Class’ (Labor) Camp/us: Foxconn and China’s new generation of labour migrants.” positions (2015): 23(3):411-436.

Pun, Ngai, et al. “Worker–intellectual unity: Trans-border sociological intervention in Foxconn.” Current Sociology (2014): 62:2:  209-223.

Flecha, Ramon, and Pun Ngai. “The challenge for Mondragon: Searching for the cooperative values in times of internationalization.” Organization 21.5 (2014): 666-682.

Jenny Chan, Pun Ngai and Mark Selden (2013), “The Politics of Global Production: Apple, Foxconn and China’s New Working Class.” “New Technology, Work and Employment 28(2): 100-15.

Pun Ngai and Jenny Chan (2012) “Global Capital, the State and Chinese Workers: The Foxconn Experience”, Modern China. 38(4) 383–410.

Pun Ngai (2012), “Gender and Class: Women’s Working Lives in a Dormitory Labor Regime in China”, International Labor and Working-Class History, No. 81, Spring 2012, pp. 178–181.

Pun Ngai and Xu Yi (2011), “Legal Activism or Class Action? The political economy of the “no boss” and “no labour relationship in China’s construction industry”, China Perspectives, No 2011/2. Pp. 9-17.

Pun Ngai and Lu Huilin (2010),“Unfinished Proletarianization: Self, Anger and Class Action of the Second Generation of Peasant-Workers in Reform China”, Modern China, 36(5):493-519.

Pun Ngai and Lu Huilin (2010), “A Culture of Violence: The Labor Subcontracting System and Collective Actions by Construction Workers in Post-Socialist China”, The China Journal. No. 64, pp.143-158.

Pun Ngai, Chris Chan and Jenny Chan (2010) “The Role of the State, Labour Policy and Migrant Workers’ Struggles in Globalized China”, Global Labor Journal, Vol.1, Issue 1, pp132-151.

Chris King-chi Chan and Pun Ngai (2009), “The Making of a New Working Class? A Study of Collective Actions of Migrant Workers in South China”, The China Quarterly. Issue 198, June 2009, pp. 287-303.

Leung, Pak Nang and Pun Ngai (2009), “The Radicalization of the New Working Class: The Collective Actions of Migrant Workers in South China”, The Third World Quarterly.

Pun Ngai (2008), “The Subsumption of Class Discourse in China”, Boundary 2, Vol 35, No 2, pp. 75-91.

Pun, Ngai and Smith Chris (2007),“Putting Transnational Labour Process in its Place: Dormitory Labour Regime in Post-Socialist China”, Work, Employment and Society, Vol 21, No 1, pp27-46.

Pun Ngai (2007), “The Dormitory Labor Regime: Sites of Control and Resistance for Women Migrant Workers in South China”, Feminist Economics, Volume 13, Issue 3, 2007, pp 239 – 258

Pun, Ngai (2005), “Global Production and Corporate Business Ethics: Company Codes of Conduct Implementation and its Implication on Labour Rights in China”. China Journal, July, pp.101-113.

Pun, Ngai (2003), “Subsumption or Consumption?: The Phantom of Consumer Revolution in Globalizing China”, Cultural Anthropology, 18(4), November, pp.469-492.