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Prof Ngai Pun

Honorary Professor

HKU Scholars Hub
Personal Website
Personal Website
Prof Ngai Pun
  • Pun Ngai received her PhD from University of London, SOAS in 1998. She is the winner of 2006 C. Wright Mills Award for her book, “Made in China: Women Factory Workers in a Global Workplace” (Duke University Press, 2005). Made in China is widely used as required reading in major universities in America, Europe and Asia. Together with Dying for Apple: Foxconn and Chinese Workers (co-authored with Jenny Chan and Mark Selden, 2016), these two texts have been translated into German, French, Italian, Spanish, Polish and Chinese. Two of her Chinese books were also awarded Hong Kong Book Prize 2007 and 2011 as the top ten popular book, widely read in Hong Kong and Mainland China.

    She published extensively and cross- disciplinary in journals in the areas of sociology, anthropology, labor Studies, China Studies and cultural Studies. Her articles appeared in ​Sociology, Sociological Review, British Journal of Sociology of EducationCurrent Sociology, Global Labor Journal, Work, Employment and Society, The China Quarterly, Modern China, and The China Journal, Positions, Public Culture Cultural Anthropology, Dialectical Anthropology and Information, Communication and Society.Pun, Ngai, & Koo Anita. (2019). Double contradiction of schooling: Class reproduction and working class agency at vocational schools in China. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 40, 50–64.

  • PhD
    University of London, SOAS (UK)

    The University of Hong Kong

    Chinese University of Hong Kong

    • Migration

    • Labour

    • Gender

    • Social Economy

    • Socialist History

    • China

  • The research term currently works on a Collaborative Research Fund (CRF), “Social Media and Migrant Labor Protection in Mainland China” (2016-2019) UST and CUHK. This project aims to synergize macro theories of traditional social sciences which look at capital, state and class formation at the abstract level with micro theories of media and cultural studies that focus on life-world, every day practices, and new forms of communication and resistance. Inspired by the theory of digitally networked action, and informed by globalization and state theory, this project inspires to create an innovative paradigm to merge rich sociological debates with media studies so as to explore new forms of working class youth culture and novel platform of labor rights protection. Moving beyond traditional models of trade unionism and labor NGOs, this project contributes to a new exploration of attempting vocational schools as sites of learning, communicating and organizing, and preparing students to be proper working-class subjects.

  • Pun Ngai (2019) “The new Chinese working class in struggle”, Dialectic Anthropology, published online

    Pun, Ngai, & Koo Anita. (2019). Double contradiction of schooling: Class reproduction and working class agency at vocational schools in China. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 40, 50–64.

    Pun Ngai, Rutvica Andrijasevic, and Devi Sacchetto (2019) “Transgressing North-South divide: Foxconn Production Regimes in China and the Czech Republic”. Critical Sociology, Published first online

    Devi Sacchetto, Rutvica Andrijasevic and Pun Ngai (2019) “One firm, two countries, one workplace model? The case of Foxconn’s internationalization”, The Economic and Labour Relations Review (paper accepted)

    Benny Lu, Anita Koo and Pun Ngai (2019) “Transgressing neoliberal value: constructing a micro-foundation of social values of working-class youth in vocational schools”, Sociological Review. 2019, Vol. 67(5) 1050–1065.

    Bryant Hui, Pun Ngai, Anita Koo and Jack Qiu (2019) “Having Less but Giving More: Work Experience and Prosocial Behavior of Chinese Working-Class Youth”, paper accepted by Youth and Society.

    Pun, Ngai, Tommy Tse, and Kenneth Ng. “Challenging digital capitalism: SACOM’s campaigns against Apple and Foxconn as monopoly capital.” Information, Communication & Society 22.9 (2019): 1253-1268.

    Pun Ngai and Anita Koo (2018) “In Dialogue with Paul Willis’s Learning to Labour: Class Reproduction and the Difference of Working-Class Culture at Contemporary Vocational Schools” (Paper accepted by British Journal of Sociology of Education)

    Smith, Chris and Pun, Ngai (2018) “Class and Precarity: An Unhappy Coupling in China’s Class Formation”, Work, Employment and Society. 32 (3): 599–

    Pun Ngai, Tommy Tse, Kenneth Ng (2017), “Challenging Digital Capitalism: SACOM’s Campaigns against Apple and Foxconn as Monopoly Capital”, Information, Community and Society.

    Pun, Ngai, and Anita Koo “A ‘World-Class’ (Labor) Camp/us: Foxconn and China’s new generation of labour migrants.” positions (2015), 23(3): 411–436.

    Pun, Ngai, et al. “Worker–intellectual unity: Trans-border sociological intervention in Foxconn.” Current Sociology(2014): 62:2:  209–

    Flecha, Ramon, and Pun Ngai. “The challenge for Mondragon: Searching for the cooperative values in times of internationalization.” Organization5 (2014): 666–682.

    Pun Ngai and Jenny Chan (2013), “The Spatial Politics of Labor in China: Life, Labor, and a New Generation of Migrant Workers”, The South Atlantic Quarterly 112:1, 179–190.

    Translated in Italian by Ferruccio Gambino and Devi Sacchetto. pp145–74 in Cina, La Società Armoniosa: Sfruttamento e Resistenza Degli Operai Migranti (China, the Harmonious Society: Exploitation and Resistance of Migrant Workers). Sociologia/Attualità Internazionale. Milano: Jaca Book.

    Translated in German by Georg Egger, Daniel Fuchs, Thomas Immervoll, Lydia Steinmassl. pp106–29 in Arbeitskämpfe in China: Berichte von der Werkbank der Welt (Labor Disputes in China: Reports of the Workshop of the World). Wien: Promedia Verlag

    Pun Ngai (2012), “Gender and Class: Women’s Working Lives in a Dormitory Labor Regime in China”, International Labor and Working-Class History, 81, Spring 2012, 178–181.

    Pun Ngai and Xu Yi (2011), “Legal Activism or Class Action? The political economy of the “no boss” and “no labour relationship in China’s construction industry”, China Perspectives, No. 2011/2, 9–

    Pun Ngai and Yuen-Tsang, Woon-ki Angelina (2011), “The challenges of corporate social responsibility (CSR) multi-stakeholder practices: searching for a new occupational social work model in China”, China Journal of Social Work, 4:1, 57–

    Pun Ngai and Hok Bun Ku (2011), “China at the crossroads: social economy as the new way of development” China Journal of Social Work, 4:3:197–199.

    Pun Ngai and Lu Huilin (2010), “Unfinished Proletarianization: Self, Anger and Class Action among the Second Generation of Peasant-Workers in Present-Day China”, Modern China, 36 (5):493–519.

    Pun Ngai and Lu Huilin (2010), “A Culture of Violence: The Labor Subcontracting System and Collective Actions by Construction Workers in Post-Socialist China”, The China Journal. 64, 143–158.

    Pun Ngai and Lu Huilin (2010), “Neoliberalism, Urbanism and the Plight of Construction Workers in China”, Review in World Political Economy. Vol1, No1, 127–

    Pun Ngai, Chris Chan and Jenny Chan (2010), “The Role of the State, Labour Policy and Migrant Workers’ Struggles in Globalized China”, Global Labor Journal, Vol.1, Issue 1, 132–

    Translated in German by Andrea Ben Lassoued. “Foxconn-Report: Suizid als Protestform junger chinesischer Wanderarbeiterlnnen.” (Suicide as a Form of Protest for Young Chinese Migrant Workers.” Clean IT. 34pp.

    Chris King-chi Chan and Pun Ngai (2009), “The Making of a New Working Class? A Study of Collective Actions of Migrant Workers in South China”, The China Quarterly. Issue 198, June 2009, 287–

    Pun Ngai (2009), Chinese Migrant Women Workers in a Dormitory Labour System. Asia Insights. 1, June, 9–13.

    Leung, Pak Nang and Pun Ngai (2009), “The Radicalization of the New Chinese Working Class: A Case Study of Collective Action in the Gemstone Industry”, The Third World Quarterly. Vol 30, No.3, 551–

    Pun Ngai and Chris King-chi Chan (2008), “The Subsumption of Class Discourse in China”, Boundary 2, Vol 35, No 2, 75–

    Pun Ngai and Yu Xiaomin (2008), “When Wal-Mart and the Chinese dormitory labour regime meet: a study of three toy factories in China”, China Journal of Social Work, Volume 1, Issue 2 July 2008, 110–129.

    Pun, Ngai and Smith Chris (2007), “Putting Transnational Labour Process in its Place: Dormitory Labour Regime in Post-Socialist China”, Work, Employment and Society, Vol 21, No 1, 27–

    Pun Ngai (2007), “The Dormitory Labor Regime: Sites of Control and Resistance for Women Migrant Workers in South China”, Feminist Economics, Volume 13, Issue 3, 2007, 239–258

    Smith Chris and Pun Ngai (2006), “The dormitory labor regime in China as a site for control and resistance”, International Journal of Human Resource Management 17:8 August, 1456–

    Pun, Ngai (2005), “Global Production, Company Codes of Conduct and Labour Conditions in China: A Case Study of Two Factories”. China Journal, July, 101–

    Sum, Ngai Ling and Ngai Pun (2005), “Globalization and Paradoxes of Ethical Transnational Production: Codes of Conduct in a Chinese Workplace”, Competition and Change, Vol. 9, Issue 2, June, 181–

    Pun, Ngai (2004), “Women Workers and precarious employment in Shenzhen Special Economic Zone, China”, Gender and Development, 12, No. 2, July, 29–37.

    Pun Ngai (2004), “Endengering Chinese Modernities: The Sexual Politics of Dagongmei in a Dormitory Labour Regime,” Asian Studies Review, June 2004, Vol.28, 151–

    Alvin Y. So and Ngai Pun (2004), “Introduction: Globalization and anti-Globalization of SARS in Chinese Societies”, Asian Perspective,28, No.1, 5–17.

    Pun, Ngai (2003), “Subsumption or Consumption?: The Phantom of Consumer Revolution in Globalizing China”, Cultural Anthropology, 18(4), November, 469–492.

    Pun, Ngai (2002), “Am I the only survivor? Global Capital, Local Gaze and Social Trauma in China”, Public Culture 14(2): 341-347.

    Pun Ngai and Lee Kim-ming (2002), “Locating Globalization: The Changing Role of the City-state in Post-handover Hong Kong”, The China Review 2(1): 1–28, Spring.

    Pun, Ngai (2000), “Opening a Minor Genre of Resistance in Reform China: Scream, Dream and Transgression in a Workplace”, Positions, 8:2, 1–

    Pun, Ngai (1999), “Becoming Dagongmei: the Politics of Identity and Difference in Reform China”, The China Journal, 42. July, 1–19.

    See all publications in HKU Scholars Hub →

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